The Children and Young People JSNA is a "living" resource that is being expanded and developed through consultation with key stakeholders and will incorporate the views of the community including children and young people. The following topics are included in the Children and Young People JSNA:
1. The Local Context
This section includes information about health inequalities and explains why we need to focus on the health and wellbeing of children and young people in Manchester.
2. Wider Determinants of Health
This section includes data that is not about health but about factors that can affect health or impact on health inequalities, such as deprivation, poverty, education and housing.
3. Pre-conception and Pregnancy
This section includes data that is more about a mother’s health during pregnancy than about a child’s health. The health of the mother impacts on the health of the child and is the earliest stage at which changes can be made to help improve the health outcomes of children and young people.
4. Infancy and Early Years
This section includes data relating to babies and children in their first years of life, including data on birth weight, breastfeeding, and perinatal / infant mortality.
This section includes data on Oral Health including tooth decay, and Childhood Obesity as measured in Reception year and Year 6 of Primary School. The focus of the section is on the formation of health behaviours in early life and the impact through childhood and beyond.
This section includes data on young people not in education, employment or training, physical activity and fitness, smoking alcohol and drug use, young people’s sexual health, and under 18 conceptions.
- 16-18 years olds not in education, employment or training (NEET)
- Physical activity and fitness
- Smoking and substance misuse among young people
- Teenage pregnancy / under 18 conceptions
- Young people's sexual health
7. Mental Health & Emotional Health and Wellbeing
This section includes data about the mental health, emotional resilience, and impact of parental mental ill health on children and young people, as well as data about self harm and suicide.
8. Unintentional Childhood Injuries
This section includes data on unintentional childhood injuries for children and young people aged under 18 in Manchester, comparing this to other Greater Manchester (GM) authorities and the average for the North West and England.
9. Immunisation Programmes
This section includes data on uptake of routine childhood vaccinations in Manchester, including how Manchester compares to international targets, the average for England, for Greater Manchester (GM), and breakdown by Manchester’s three Clinical Commissioning Groups (CCGs).
10. Early Help Offer including Families at Risk
This section includes information about Manchester's Early Help Offer, which is the Council's approach to improving the lives of those families who are struggling to cope. Intervening early to tackle problems emerging for children, young people and their families and supporting them to play a positive role in their communities.
This section includes data on vulnerable groups of children and young people, from those in contact with Children’s Social Care, to those experiencing significant difficulties such as neglect, domestic violence, and emergency admissions to hospital. Young people who are at risk of harm from Female Genital Mutilation (FGM) or Child Sexual Exploitation (CSE) are included.
- Child sexual exploitation (CSE)
- Domestic violence and abuse
- Female genital mutilation (FGM)
- Safeguarding (children's social care)
12. Key Groups
This section includes data on key groups in the population who have specific needs. These needs may impact on a young person’s health and wellbeing, and the groups may require more support to help them stay healthy and avoid harmful health behaviours.